Social Epidemiology and Community Vulnerability to Infectious Diseases
Our research on social epidemiology is two-pronged: first, to investigate the specific social determinants of diseases, and second to use the information gained to derive interventions and governance structures that can modify these factors to bring about sustainable and beneficial change. Community Vulnerability (CV) is an integrative analytical framework that allows us to use multivariate deterministic risk factors arising from ecological hazards, socio-demographic sensitivities, and the adaptive capacity of populations, in order identify communities at higher risk to disease than others so that more informed intervention and prevention strategies can be targeted towards these regions. An emerging theme is to determine if there is commonality in community risk factors to many of the commonly occurring infectious diseases (focused currently on malaria, dengue, and neglected tropical diseases), and to evaluate what this might imply for disease control. A technical feature of the work is the use of computer science approaches to data discovery and analysis, the development of novel mathematical models of disease transmission that can incorporate ecological and social effects simultaneously, and the application of spatial analysis to construct and map the vulnerabilities and risks estimated for populations.
Computational science is a multidisciplinary field that utilizes advanced computing to understand and solve complex problems. Researchers at the EIGH develop computational models, hardware, software, data management, and more to tackle a variety of global health concerns.
At the EIGH, our researchers use epidemiology to understand the distribution and determinants of the health and disease conditions in specific populations, and to identify risk factors for certain diseases. This allows them to develop, implement, and measure the impact of targeted, preventative healthcare methods.
At the EIGH, our researchers work to combat a number of various illnesses, including infectious diseases caused by organisms like bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. These diseases can also be spread from one person to another and may be transmitted from animals to humans.
- Tanzania’s National Institute for Medical Research
- London School of Economics
- Clinical Research Center, Kedah, Malaysia
NOTRE DAME PARTNERSHIPS
- Kellogg Institute for International Studies
Madon, S., Malecela, M., Mashoto, K., Donohue, R., Mubyazi, G., & Michael, E. The role of community participation for sustainable integrated neglected tropical diseases and water, sanitation and hygiene intervention programs: A pilot project in Tanzania.
Donohue, R., Zoë, C., & Michael, E. The extent, nature, and pathogenic consequences of helminth polyparasitism in humans: A meta-analysis.
Donohue, R., Mashoto, K., Mubyazi, G., Madon, S., Malecela, M., & Michael, E. Biosocial Determinants of Persistent Schistosomiasis among Schoolchildren in Tanzania despite Repeated Treatment.