Dengue fever and melioidosis in Malaysia: socio-epidemiology, dynamic modelling, and control systems
Vector-borne and water-borne diseases, such as dengue and melioidosis, constitute important diseases in Malaysia and other tropical regions of the world. Our goal is to use new approaches in computer science, mapping, and mathematical modelling, to provide novel insights into the transmission dynamics and distribution of these two diseases and the major socio-ecological and epidemiology risk factors underpinning both or either disease, to local disease control teams so that more informed spatial targeted strategies may be constructed, applied and evaluated for reducing disease transmission. This is done through the development of spatialized information, mapping of cases using cluster analysis and geoAI modelling, predictive modelling using emerging approaches in network-based infectious disease modelling frameworks, and the development of a distributable platform for data capture, visualization, scenario assessments, and action.
Computational science is a multidisciplinary field that utilizes advanced computing to understand and solve complex problems. Researchers at the EIGH develop computational models, hardware, software, data management, and more to tackle a variety of global health concerns.
At the EIGH, our researchers use epidemiology to understand the distribution and determinants of the health and disease conditions in specific populations, and to identify risk factors for certain diseases. This allows them to develop, implement, and measure the impact of targeted, preventative healthcare methods.
At the EIGH, our researchers work to combat a number of various illnesses, including infectious diseases caused by organisms like bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. These diseases can also be spread from one person to another and may be transmitted from animals to humans.
Vector-borne disease research is a historic strength of the EIGH. Our researchers study multiple parts of the vector-borne disease lifecycle, such as how the parasites, viruses, and bacteria cause these kinds of diseases, how the vectors spread these diseases, and how to improve prevention methods in tropical and subtropical areas, which have the highest burden of vector-borne illnesses.
- Clinical Research Centre, Kedah, Malaysia
- Ministry of Health, Malaysia
Hassan, M., Aziz, N., Ismail, N., Shafie, Z., Mayala, B., Donohue, R., Pani, S., & Michael, E. Socio-epidemiological and land cover risk factors for melioidosis in Kedah, Northern Malaysia.