Modelling Leishmania eco-epidemiology and control dynamics
Leishmaniasis is a complex multi-host vector borne disease that is endemic in more than 80 countries. In our work, we aim to construct realistic multi-host models for the disease in order to determine overall disease transmission and extinction dynamics where some hosts can be more competent in transmission of the disease and are also preferably bitten by the sand fly vector. This work forms part of our larger goal of studying how biodiversity affects vector-borne disease transmission, and its implications for policy makers concerned with disease control.
Computational science is a multidisciplinary field that utilizes advanced computing to understand and solve complex problems. Researchers at the EIGH develop computational models, hardware, software, data management, and more to tackle a variety of global health concerns.
At the EIGH, our researchers use epidemiology to understand the distribution and determinants of the health and disease conditions in specific populations, and to identify risk factors for certain diseases. This allows them to develop, implement, and measure the impact of targeted, preventative healthcare methods.
At the EIGH, our researchers work to combat a number of various illnesses, including infectious diseases caused by organisms like bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. These diseases can also be spread from one person to another and may be transmitted from animals to humans.
Vector-borne disease research is a historic strength of the EIGH. Our researchers study multiple parts of the vector-borne disease lifecycle, such as how the parasites, viruses, and bacteria cause these kinds of diseases, how the vectors spread these diseases, and how to improve prevention methods in tropical and subtropical areas, which have the highest burden of vector-borne illnesses.
- Arizona State University
- Benares Hindu University
Caja, R., Bilal, S., & Michael, E. The Relation of Host Competency and Vector feeding Preference in a Multi-Host Model: Chagas and Cutaneous Leishmaniasis.
Bilal, S., and Michael, E. Effects of complexity and seasonality on backward bifurcation in vector–host models.